Posts Tagged ‘economics’

Economic Update 17th December

December 17, 2008 Leave a comment

A lot has happened again in the economic world this week including :

Today the administrators that have taken over Woolworths said that all stores will close by January 5th.

Unemployment has risen to 1.86 million.

The pound hit a low of 1.0796 euros.

Opec is making an output cut of 2.2million barrels per day.

Yesterday the US interest rates to between 0 and 0.25%.

National express is to cut 750 jobs

But on the positive side inflation has fallen to 4.1% !!!


Making Sense of the Economic Climate

December 5, 2008 Leave a comment

Making sense of the economic crisis
Yesterday the Bank of England cut interest rates to 2% (lowest level since 1951) but is it actually going to help us.
It will help those who are struggling to pay our mortgages as repayments should become cheaper but not all banks are going to pass on the cut/ the cut in fall to customers. They are much quicker to pass on the cut to savers however.
Those without a mortgage and have savings are losing out, they did not borrow money they could not pay back yet they are the ones who are getting less income from their savings.
Earlier in the week VAT was cut by 2.5% was this the right decision? In my opinion no, this is not going to get people to start spending money again as people have no money. People are likely to buy the same and keep the savings to pay for other outgoings .
The retail sector is really starting to feel the pinch Woolworths, MFI and The Pier have all gone into administration and we could see many more go in the next few weeks/months.
I don’t think that the economic situation is going to get any better in the near future infact i think that it is going to get wose but hopefully we have all learnt a valuable lesson, do not borrow so much money! and let us not go back to our borrowing ways
Nicola crowston

Categories: maths Tags: , ,

Internet Advertising: can it survie?

March 21, 2008 1 comment

When browsing the web it is amazing how many large sites are “free”, these sites make their money from advertising but if evreyone is providing a service reliant on advertising then who is ultimatley getting the money to pay for the adverts?

here is a quick list of site that provide “free” services:

  1. Google
  2. Yahoo
  3. Microsoft(msn)
  4. Facebook
  5. Youtube(now owned by google)
  6. Bebo
  7. Times online
  8. addictive games
  9. BBC
  10. Miniclip

The point is demand for adverts is a derived demand, ie there is only deamnd for ads because there is demand for the goods and services that are advertised, and therefore the money to pay for adverts comes from selling the goods/services they advertise. But if all of these services are “free” then no one is paying for the adverts and the 10 sites above shouldnt be able to sell ads.

Lets look at an example. I want to launch my site,, as a comerical site. I decide that since it would be hard to sell the content on it i will gain money by putting adverts along side. Sounds like a good idea.

So i get people to apply for adds and one of these people is yahoo, so they buy advertising space off me to attract customers to their site. Their site also needs to make money so they approach google to sell adverts which makes them some money.

But at the moment i dont have many visitors to my site so i decide to advertise, like any other company, to attract more and tell them how great it is. I decide that the best company to sell me ad space is Google, so google makes their money off my ads and i get visitors to clikc on the ads on my site.

this all sounds good enough and we have 3 goods services being provided for “free” to the consumer subsidesed by advertising. But what happens when we consider the profits of these companies. Well for any company following this model its verey simple. You pay for adverts which attract customers who click on the ads on your site. We know to make a profit you must earn more through selling than your costs, so if my costs are buy ad space and my earnings are selling ad space i make money by selling for more than i buy for.

I decide i can sell adds for £15, and can buy for £10 so i make a £5 profit. Now yahoo is paying£15, to me, for its adds so trys to sell ads to google for £20, the problem being that im only buying adds worth£10 off google so their gonna end up making a loss of £10. Under market forces this would force all the prices of converge at one price, probably £10 so over all no one is making a profit on adds, but they still have to provide their services for free so their going to end up losing money.

If the online advertising industry (which includes all site that make money from advertising to provide a free service) is bigger than the rest of the online company the market is going to collapse, similar to the .com crash. Lets hope them that amazon and ebay are making up for these losses.

But why would anyone advertise at all is the most baffaling. If you have a decent site its gonna be well ranked in search engines like google and yahoo, so you can get all your visitors from here and no need to advertise. And this means companies will no longer be able to sells ads and this may contribute to their fall.

Anyways ive been far to pestimitic here as im sure the bosses of these compaines have learnt from their mistakes in the late 90’s and arnt gonna let the same thing happen again but it does seem strange the way these market work!!!!!

please leave your thoughts below